English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Chiddingfold

Historical Forms

  • Culinghirst 1235 Ass
  • Culynghurst 1332 SR 1340 Loseley
  • Cullynghurst 1344,1359,1368 Loseley
  • Kelynghurst 1377 Loseley 1448 ib
  • Kyllynghurst 1484 AddCh 1486 Loseley
  • Killynghurst 1548 LRMB


Killinghurst is Culinghirst 1235Ass (p), Culynghurst 1332 SR (p), 1340Loseley (p), Cullynghurst 1344, 1359, 1368Loseley , Kelynghurst 1377Loseley (p), 1448 ib., Kyllynghurst 1484AddCh , 1486Loseley , Killynghurst 1548LRMB . 'Cylla 's wood,' v. ing , hyrst . Cf. cyllan beorg , cyllan wylle BCS 208, cyllan rycge BCS 1242, cylles hale (BCS 1317), now Kilsall (Sa), cylles eg (BCS 1129), now Kelsey (PN Nth 213), Cyllingcgcotan (BCS 1282), now Kilcott (Gl), which all give evidence of a personal name Cylla or Cylli . For such a personal name, allied to cyll (e ), 'bottle, flagon,* cf. ON  Kýll (LindB). Zachrisson (StudNP v, 11) suggests that these are all derived from an unrecorded OE  *cyll , 'hill,' but it should be noted that there is no evidence for an OE  word cyll as a topographical element either as an independent place-name or as a second element in a place-name. Further, it does not suit the topography of Kilsall (Sa), where there is no marked hill, and is impossible for Kelsey, which is a flat island between branches of the Nene. Apart from this, the introduction of such an element in explanation of either of these names involves the use of unlikely genitival compounds.