English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Brougham


Brocavum (lost), Brocauo 4 AntIt, the name of the rectangular Roman fort at grid 83–538289 by the site of Brougham Castle (infra ). Various accounts of the fort include Ferguson 46, R. G. Collingwood in CW xxii, 140–2, J. F. Curwen ib 143–157, E. E. Birley ib xxxii, 124 ff, W. D. Simpson ib lviii, 68–87, and RCHM 54.The meaning of this Brit name is uncertain, but may involve a Brit  pers.n. related to the Brocius suggested to be found in Brociācus (Holder 618), now Broussy le Grand, dép. Marne (Vincent §179).