English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Inkersall Fm olim Winkerfield

Early-attested site in the Parish of Rufford

Historical Forms

  • Wirchenefeld 1086 DB
  • Werkenefeld 1229,1232 Cl 1230 Pat 1232 Ch t.Hy3 BM
  • Wirkesfeld 1156 Holtzmann
  • Wircnesfeud c.1180 Dane
  • Wilkenefeld 1232 Cl
  • Wingenefeld, Winkenefeld 1230–3 Ch
  • Wilkenfeld 1275 RH
  • Wynkenfeld t.Hy8 MinAcct
  • Wylkenfeld ib.
  • Winkarfeild 1609 LRMB
  • Winker(s)feild 1663 WoodsRept 1684 Recov
  • Inkersall 1658 CoRec
  • Winkerfield oth. Inkersall 1747 Recov
  • Inkersall Dam 1775 C


This place-name would seem to have as its first element a personal name *Wyrcin , Wyrcen , a derivative of Wyrc or Werc found in Worksop infra 105, of the type discussed by Ekwall in Studies 2–20. Hence 'Wyrcen 's open land,' v. feld . Later there was common confusion of r , l and n (cf. IPN 108) and, later still, unexplained loss of initial w and final d . It is possible that the form of the name may have been influenced by the not very distant Ingars Holt in Bilsthorpe.