English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Tyning Villa

Early-attested site in the Parish of Sapperton

Historical Forms

  • the Tyning 1833 Downs


Tyning Villa, the Tyning 1833Downs . The dial. word tining is used in some south-western counties (Wo, Gl, W, So) to denote either 'a fence of wood, brushwood or quickset' or 'an enclosure with such a fence' (EDD s.v. tine vb), and it often occurs in later minor names and f.ns. in Gl. The word is first recorded c. 1440 in the sense 'dry hedge' (NED s.v.) and is from OE  tȳnan 'to enclose' (v. tȳning , a derivative of tūn in its original sense of 'enclosure').