English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Matson

Major Settlement in the Parish of Matson

Historical Forms

  • Mat(t)resdon(e), Mat(t)resdunn 1121,1164–79,13 Glouc c.1200 GlChv,12 1221 Ass c.1230 GlChiv,13 1331 GlR
  • Materesdon(e) c.1190 GlChi,24 1203 Cur
  • Matteresdon c.1200,c.1220 GlR
  • Matrisdon 1236 Fees
  • Metteresdun 1200 GlR
  • Matirden' 1221 Ass
  • Matredon' 1268 FF
  • Mattesdon(e), Mattesdun 13 Glouc c.1260,1261 GlR 1266 MinAcct 1287 QW 1542 GlR
  • Mattisdon, Mattysdon 1535 VE 1589 Dep
  • Matesden' 1221,1248 Ass 1303 Abbr
  • Matesdon(e) c.1275 For 1291 Tax 1375 Ipm
  • Matlesdon' 1248 Ass
  • Mettesdune c.1250 Berk
  • Metesdon(e) 1413 Cl, FF
  • Madesden 1385 ECP
  • Madesdon 1460 FF
  • Madeston 1608 Will
  • Matson 1535 VE 1574 PR
  • Matteson als. Mattesdon 1638 Misc

Etymology

'Mǣðhere's or Mattere's hill', v. dūn . The first el. which is found also in Matson Hill (infra ) and a lost Matteshall 1320Ass , 1327SR (p) (from halh 'nook of land'), may be OE  mǣðere 'mower' or an OE  pers.n. Mǣðhere assumed for Mattersey (Nt 86), but although OE  -ð - in such a consonant-cluster frequently appears as -t - through AN influence (cf. IPN 109) or later as -d - by a dial. change as in Siddington i, 81supra (cf. Phonol. § 41b ), we should usually expect better early evidence of OE  -ð - in spellings with -d - or -th -, which in fact we find in Mattersey and Madresfield (Wo 209). Reaney 216 has noted a ME  name (le ) Mattere (from OE  matte , Lat  matta ) and such a byname from a late OE  *mattere 'mat-maker' would be appropriate phonologically; the change of -t - to -d - is well-evidenced (Phonol. § 40a ). Culkerton (i, 105supra ) may offer similar problems of pers.n. formation.