English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Hr Nyland (Fm) & Lr Nyland (Fm)

Early-attested site in the Parish of Kington Magna

Historical Forms

  • Iland 1086 DB 1205 RC 1381 Pat
  • Inlande (sic) 1086 DB
  • Liland' 1212 Fees
  • Lylande 1236 FF
  • Ylond(') 1244 Ass 1418 Pat
  • la Ilond(e) 1380 Weld1 1420 Hutch3
  • Le Ylond, La Ilond 1431 FA
  • Ilond 1477 IpmR
  • Lay(e)lond(e) 1303,1428 FA
  • Lailond 1346 ib
  • Le Islond 1420 Hutch3
  • Neylond als. Ilond 1554 SoDoNQ
  • Nylond (Mo(o)re) Eliz LRMB
  • Niland or Iland, anciently a manor, now two farms called Upper and Lower Niland 1774 Hutch1


Neylond als . Ilond 1554 SoDoNQ 6

'The island', i.e. 'the dry ground in a marsh', v. īeg-land, le , la , with mōr 'marshy ground'. The initial N - in the modern form is from metanalysis of ME  atten 'at the', cf. Nayland Sf (Neiland 1227 DEPN) which is identical in origin. The DB form Inlande is probably an error, perhaps showing confusion with inland 'land near a residence'. Hr and Lr Nyland lie between R. Cale and Bow Brook, both rivers being marked 'liable to floods' (6″).