English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Wales

Historical Forms

  • Ciuetone 1086 DB
  • Kyvetun, Kivetun, Kiuetun, Kyveton 13 YDvii 1304 YI 1329 FF 1339 YDviii 1373 Ipm 1439 ADvi
  • Keueton 1297 LS 1326 YD 1368 YDxvi,100 1532 FF
  • Keton 1410 YI 1532,1544 FF


The phonetic history of the name shows that we have an original long -ī - (or -ȳ - unrounded to -ī -) with occasional shortening and lowering to e (v. Phonol. § 22); the name may therefore be derived from OE  cȳf 'a vessel, a tub' (as by Goodall). It is less likely to mean 'Cifa's farmstead', v. tūn . An OE  pers.n. Cifa is not on independent record, but it enters into Chevington Wo 219, Chieveley Brk, Cheveley NbDu 44. In this doubtful case K - would be due to Scandinavian influence.