English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Great Casterton

Major Settlement in the Parish of Great Casterton

Historical Forms

  • Castreton(e) 1086 DB c1176 Dugd 1202 Ass 1371 ELiW
  • Castretune 1125–8 LNPetr
  • Casterton' 1202(p),1206 Ass 1254 Val 1610 Speed
  • Kasterton' 1274 RGrav 1288 For
  • Chasterton' 1269 For 1321 Pat 1332 FF
  • Chastirton' 1352 Cl
  • Cestreton 1257 Ch
  • Cestretun' 1225 Bracton
  • Magna - 1218 For 1234 RHug 1305,1428 FA
  • - Magna 1292 OSut 1535 VE
  • - Maior 1254 Val 1274 RGrav 1282 Ipm
  • - Majori(s) c1291 Tax 1428 FA
  • Brigg(e)-, Brygg(e) 1265 Misc 1269 For 1476 Pat
  • Brig- Hy3 TT 1370 Cl 1393 FF 1539 Rut 1576 Saxton
  • Bridge - 1610 Speed 1642 Recov
  • Great or Bridge - 1824 O

Etymology

'The estate at the fortified Roman town', v. ceaster , tūn . The form of OE  ceaster here is Angl  cæster . There are extensive remains of a Romano-British settlement which evidently developed to the south-west of an earlier Roman fort, v. Crop Marks 66–7. Ermine Street crosses R. Gwash at this point, hence the affix Bridge -, v. brycg and cf. Little Casterton.

Places in the same Parish