English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Langton Caudle

Early-attested site in the Parish of Stonton Wyville

Historical Forms

  • Cawdwell 1625,1638 Terrier
  • Caudwell 1637 Bru
  • Langton Cauldwell 1806 Map
  • Langton Caudwell 1824 O
  • Lippinge 1218 For
  • Lipping' 1227 ClR 1228 For
  • Lipping 1276 RH e.14 ShR
  • Lippinghe 1284 Ass
  • Cauwell seeke 1625 Terrier
  • Caudwell planke 1625 Terrier
  • Cawdwell Planke 1694,1712,1715 ib
  • Caldwell 1545 Star


*Caldwell thus appears to be a medieval (alternative or replacement?) name for the Lipping , perhaps once referring to stream-side pasture on the lower slopes of Langton Caudle to the east of the stream and then transferred to the whole hill massif when confusion occurred because of the common e.17th-cent. interchange between well and hill in minor names arising from the shortening of such generics in compound. That Caudle is a *Caldhyll 'cold, windswept hill' which, with a reduced generic, eventually gave its name to the stream as a mistaken *Caldwell has no foundation in the surviving evidence.