English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Great Bowden

Major Settlement in the Parish of Market Harborough

Historical Forms

  • Bugedone 1086 DB
  • Bugedon' 1180×1200 MktHPR 1203 FF 1205 ClR 1224 RHug
  • Bugedona 1175 P 1208 ChR
  • Bugedun(e) l.Hy2 BM 1199 FF 1228 RHug
  • Buggedon' 1173,1174 P 1227 Fees
  • Buggedone 1209x19,1228 RHug
  • Buggedona 1209×19 ib
  • Buggedun 1210 GildR
  • Bughedon' 1220 Fees 1229,1234,1237 Cl 1247 Fees
  • Bugendon' 1188 P 1200 Cur
  • Buggendon 1199 FF
  • Buggeden(e) 1174 ChancR 1179 P 1214,1215 et freq
  • Bugeden' 1203,1204 1237 RGros
  • Buggenden' 1180 ChancR 1180(p),1181 P 1196 ChancR
  • Buedon(e) 1202 Ass 1230 ChancR 1242 ClR
  • Buwedon' 1230,1242 P 1247,1249 RGros
  • Budon' 1234 Cl 1247 Fine 1290,1292 OSut
  • Budun' 1252,1265 Pat
  • Boudon' 1220 MHW a.1250 MktHPR 1343,1344 1514 Wyg
  • Boudun 1251 Cl 1252 Lib
  • Bowedon' 1415,1416 Pat 1471,1481 MktHPR
  • Bowdon' 1416,1425 MktHPR 1523,1528 Wyg 1576 Saxton 1577 LEpis
  • Bowden 1444 MktHPR 1497 Wyg 1522,1523 Wyg
  • Magna ~ 1180×1200 MktHPR 1204 Cur
  • ~ Magna 1331,1344 MktHPR 1479,1480 et passim
  • Mikell ~ 1467×72 ECP
  • Mekell ~ 1483 MktHPR
  • Much ~ 1486×1515 ECP 1523 Wyg
  • Meche ~ 1500 MktHPR
  • Mich ~ 1508 ib
  • Mych(e) ~ 1516,1518 1530 1543 BM
  • Moch(e) ~ 1520,1522 MktHPR
  • Gret(t) ~ 1515,1520 MktHPR 1528 et passim
  • Great(e) ~ 1522 Wyg 1547 Chap 1610 Speed

Etymology

Either 'Buga's hill' or 'Bucga's (Bugga's) hill', v. dūn . Buga (Redin 74) is an OE  masc. pers.n., while Bucga (alternative form Bugga , Searle 119) is fem., in each case the -en - and -un - of some p.n. forms being survivals of a gen.sg. inflexion -an . Ekwall DEPN, s. n. Bowden, Great & Little, styles the OE  masc. pers.n. as Būga and the fem. pers.n. as Bucge . A series of early spellings represents the generic as from OE  denu 'a valley', presumably with reference to that of the river Welland which flows beside Bowden, while later spellings suggest a reforming of the name as if from OE  *boga -dūn , where boga is used in its topographically extended sense 'something curved', hence 'a curving hill or hill-side'.

For the affixes, v. mikill , muche , grēat . Note also MLat  magna 'big, large'.

Places in the same Parish

Major Settlement

Field