English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Welwick

Historical Forms

  • Penegestorp, Peningestorp 1200 FF
  • Peningthorp(e) 13th Bridl
  • Penythorp(p) c.1265 KF 1375 BM
  • Penigthorp 1285 KI
  • Penist(h)orp, Penyst(h)orp 1297 SR 1307 Baildon 1331 FF 1352 BM
  • Penst(h)orp 1341 FF 1349 Ipm c.1400 Melsa
  • Penstrope 1547 FF
  • Penesthorp 1519 ib
  • Penestrope 1567 ib


The first element is a pers. name Pen (n )ing , which occurs also in Penistone (WRY), Pengeston (e )DB, 1241 Fees, Peningeston 1204 YD, Penegestona 1225Nostell , and a lost place near Penistone called Penisale, Penigheshal '1190–1208 YCh 1803, etc.Penning is an assimilated form of Pending , which may be a patronymic from the rare OE  Penda (Redin 69, cf. Pinvin, PN Wo 223) or OE  pending , pening , pen (n )ig 'penny' used as a pers. name 'a man worth a penny'; cf. OE  Scilling . OE  pen (n )ing itself is thought to be a derivative of Penda , the name of the Mercian king (cf. Dickins, LSE i, 20). LindBN records an ON  byname Peningr , probably the name of a foreigner, which perhaps has a similar connotation. 'Pening 's village,' v. þorp .The variations in the spellings of these place-names are those found in the history of the word penny (v. NED s.v.).

Pensthorpe is a lost Humber village which was to the west of Welwick Drain (1786 Tuke). Cf. Boyle 86. There is a field in Welwick now called Penstrops .

Places in the same Parish