English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Major Settlement in the Parish of Bainton

Historical Forms

  • Bagenton(e) 1086 DB
  • Baynton(e), Bayntona, Bainton(e) 1100–15 YCh 1160–80 Melsa 1522 Test
  • Baynton(e) super Waldas 1301 Pat
  • Baynton(e) upon the Wold 1600 FF
  • Baingtun, Bayngtun, Bayngton(e) 1150–60 Guisb 1150–65 YCh 1281,1302 Ebor
  • Baenton 1191–6 P
  • Banton 1191 P
  • Beniton 1192 P
  • Beinton 1230 Ebor 1248 Pat
  • Bayneton, Baineton 1301 Abbr 1464 Pat
  • Bayneton on the Wold 1592 YD


In all probability the first element is the pers. name Bǣga or Bēga compounded with ingtun . Hence, 'Bēga 's farmstead.'Early contraction would result in the diphthong ei ; normally written ei (ey ) or ai (ay ) in ME. OWScand  beinn 'short' may have contributed to the development of these forms in the place-name.

Places in the same Parish

Early-attested site

Major Settlement