English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Grune Ho and Point

Early-attested site in the Parish of Holme Low

Historical Forms

  • capellam voc. Sainct Johnes Chappel de Groyne 1582 CWii
  • the Groyne 1618 DKRxxxviii
  • St Johns Chappell of the Groyne 1649 ParlSurv
  • the Chappell of Grune 1664 LRMB


This is the name of the shore here, and the name must have reference to some defensive sea wall. v. groyne (NED). The forms quoted above disprove finally Sir Frederic Madden's identification of this place (cited by J. R. R. Tolkien and E. V. Gordon in their notes to vv. 709 ff. of Sir Gawayn and the Green Knight) with the Green Chapel of that poem.

It is perhaps worth mentioning that in Elizabethan England the Spanish port of La Coruña (Corunna) was known as the Groine (Everyman ed. of Hakluyt iv, 309 ff.).