English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Kinkry Hill

Early-attested site in the Parish of Bewcastle

Historical Forms

  • Kinkerhill 1538 LP t.Ed6 Laner 1618 NaworthA 1696 Netherby
  • Kinkry Hill 1737 ib
  • Kingcreahill 1804 CWxxxix
  • The old ford of Poltkinerum c.1178 Ch 1348


The forms are too late for any definite interpretation to be attempted, but it is possible that this is Gaelic  ceann na creige , 'head of the rock.'Kinkry Hill appears again independently as a field-name in Askerton.Cf. Kincraig in Badenoch and elsewhere. The old ford of Poltkinerum c. 1178 (1348) Ch, which was in this neighbourhood, may possibly be connected with Kinkry Hill.