English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Crowthorne and Minety Hundred

Hundred in the County of Gloucestershire

Historical Forms

  • Cirecestre hd' 1086 DB 1169,1177 P 1221 Ass
  • hund' de Cirencestr(e), Cyrencestr(e), hund' de Cyrencestria 1175 P 1220 Fees 1221 Ass 1274 RH 1587 FF
  • Hund' de Cirincestr' 1221 Ass
  • Hund' de Cyrnescestr' 1248 Ass
  • Circestre 1330 Ipm
  • Gersdon(es) hd', Gersdvnes hd' 1086 DB
  • Dunhameneye 1256 Ipm
  • hundredo de Minti 1204 P
  • Crouthorne hund' 1327 SR 1381 Cl 1535 VE
  • Hund' de Crothorne 1540 AOMB242 1559,1587 FF
  • hundred of Myntye 1552 Pat
  • Crowthorne and Minety Hundred 1822 M


A reference to 'land in the fields of Strattone on the green lane between Crawthorne and Bauditon (Baunton)' in 14CirenD 12 suggests that Crowthorne was on the northern edge of Cirencester parish (grid 157–016044); there was also a Crowthorne grounds in Kemble (76infra ). The name denotes 'a thorn-tree haunted by a crow', v. crāwe , þorn , cf. Crauthorn (K 481), crawan þorn (BCS 216); but Wallenberg (KPN 481) and Anderson 26 suggest that the compound might have denoted a particular species of thorn and instance the parallel Swed  kråktorn which is the vernacular name of Rhamnus catharticus . The hundred of Minety appears to have been originally a separate hundred (cf. Minety 77infra ).