English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Cricklade

Historical Forms

  • Halagheston 1228 For
  • Halweston 1263 WIpm
  • Haghelstan 1268 Ass
  • Halgestane t.Hy3 Stowe 1300 For
  • Haleghestony Haleweston t.Ed3 ib


Hailstone is Halagheston 1228For , Halweston 1263 WIpm, Haghelstan 1268Ass , Halgestane t. Hy 3Stowe 798, 1300For , Haleghestony Haleweston t. Ed 3 ib. It is clear that there has been confusion with regard to this name from early times, and it is difficult to say whether it is from OE  hālig -stān , 'holy stone' or hagolstān , 'hailstone,' ME  hawelston , hailston . If it is from the latter, then the farm was perhaps named from the small isolated Hailstone Hill, north-north-west of it, which may have been nicknamed 'hailstone' from its small rounded character.