English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Bremhill

Historical Forms

  • Speerful (sic) 1065 KCD817 14th
  • Spertella 1153 RegMalm
  • Spercella 1156 ib
  • Sperchulle 1284 ib
  • Sperthull 1305 Ass
  • Spirthille 1535 VE
  • Spirtehille 1546 LP
  • Sperthille 1575 FF


Spirthill is Speerful (sic)1065 (14th) KCD 817, Spertella 1153 RegMalm, Spercella 1156 ib., Sperchulle 1284 ib., Sperthull 1305Ass , Spirthille 1535 VE, Spirtehille 1546 LP, Sperthille 1575FF . The form from KCD is clearly corrupt. The first element would seem to be the word spirt , 'jet of liquid,' noticed in Spurt Street (PN Bk 158), Spurtham (PN D 642). Although the charter in KCD is a late copy, there is no reason to suppose that the place- name did not exist in the 11th century, and if so the history of the word is carried back to OE times. There is a spring close at hand.