English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Bampton

Historical Forms

  • Hartkin 1689 PR
  • Hardkin 1690,1694,1704 ib
  • Hardkin als. Dale-head 1718 ib


Hardkin (lost), Hartkin 1689 PR, Hardkin 1690, 1694, 1704 ib, (Hardkin als. Dale-head ) 1718 ib. The place is near Dalehead (infra ) at grid 83–485196, and the name may well refer to the valley of Heltondale Beck where it narrows into a deep ravine; the second el. is doubtless ME  kyne 'crack, chasm' or ON  kinn 'declivity', as in Barkin (i, 24supra ), v. heard 'hard'.

Places in the same Parish