English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Low Rutter, Rutter Force

Early-attested site in the Parish of Appleby St Lawrence

Historical Forms

  • Rutter 1539 DRH 1540 TRMB 1800 PR(Clb)
  • High Rutter, Low Rutter 1704 Terr 1859 OS
  • the, le Rutter 1588 Rent 1607 Hothf 1620 Wyb


Low Rutter, Rutter Force, Rutter 1539DRH , 1540TRMB et freq to 1800 PR(Clb), (High Rutter , Low Rutter ) 1704 Terr, 1859OS , the , le Rutter 1588Rent , 1607Hothf , 1620Wyb , cf. Rutterbeck 1453 NB 328, 1684BdyR , Rutterbridge 1684 ib, Rutter mil (l )ne 1579Rent , 1714Hothf , Rutterwood 1684BdyR , Rutter Force 1859OS , now represented by a farm, a ford and a waterfall (v. fors ) on Hoff Beck. The name is obscure, but could be ON  rótar -tré 'tree torn up by the root', but, as Professor Löfvenberg suggests, Rutter could be from an OE  *hrūtere 'the roarer' and denote the waterfall here, cf. OE  hrūtende 'roaring' in Rowten Beck i, 13supra , etc.