English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Hampton Lucy


Nineveh is so named in 1830 (O.S.). This type of name is to be found in nearly all English counties. In Warwickshire we have New York, Canada, Bermuda, Labrador, Newfoundland, New Zealand (v. Index). In other parts of England we find Egypt, Nova Scotia, Georgia, Pennsylvania, America and the very common Botany Bay. Many of these were originally field- names. Very few are on record before the 18th, and the majority not earlier than the 19th century. It is possible that in one or two instances the names in question may have been given by returned emigrants from these places, but in the majority of cases it seems likely that, as suggested in PN Ess 599–600, the names were originally given in jest to remote or out-of-the-way places.