English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Ruckley and Langley

Parish in the County of Shropshire

Historical Forms

  • Ruclee 1221-2 Ass
  • Ruckley 1576 PR(L)
  • Rockel' 1231 Cur
  • Rokele 1249 Pat
  • Rokeleg' 1261-2 ForProc
  • Rokkeleye 1266 Pat
  • Rokeleye, Rocheley 1271-2 Ass
  • Rokeleye 1297 Pat
  • Rocley 1251 Cl 1291-2 Ass
  • Rokleye 1269 SAC
  • Rokley 1271-2 Ass
  • Rockley 1655 PR(L)
  • Rouckley 1658 PR(L)
  • Languelege 1086 DB
  • Langelega 1191 P
  • Langeleg(h)', Langeley(e) 1377 Fine
  • Longeleg' c.1248 SAC 1499 Ipm
  • Langlegh 1249 Pat
  • Langleg 1253 Ch
  • Langley 1577 Saxton
  • Longleye 1428 FA
  • Longley 1598 PR(L)

Etymology

'Rook wood or clearing', from OE  hrōc and lēah. Ruckley Grange near Tong has the same origin.

'Long clearing', v. lang , lēah ; a fairly common place-name.

The “confused” parochial status of Ruckley and Langley is discussed in VCH VIII, p.141. Langley had a Hall, a Chapel and a few houses. The affix 'little' occurs in PR(L) 2 (1581, 2, 94, 1652) and PR(L) 19 (1585, 1673), and the township is marked LITTLE LANGLY on the 19th-cent. OS map. This is presumably for distinction from Langley in Stanton Lacy, though that place is not much larger.

Major Settlements