English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Holdgate

Parish in the County of Shropshire

Historical Forms

  • Castrum Helgoti 1109-18 CartAntiq
  • Castellum Helgod c.1200 MM
  • Holegot 1203-4 Ass 1235-6,42,50 Fees
  • Castellum Helgoti 1210 SAC
  • Halegot' 1212 Fees
  • Castelholegode 1253 Pat
  • Castrum Holegod 1255 RH 1291-2 Ass
  • Castrum Halgod 1255-6 Ass
  • Chastel Holegod 1291 Ch
  • Castrum Holgod 1291 Ipm
  • Castelhelgod 1317 Cl
  • Castle Holgod 1372 Pat
  • Hologodescastel 1199 SAS2/X
  • Holgotcastel (p), Holdgodescastel 1271-2 Ass
  • Holgotescastel 1336,48 Pat
  • Holgate Castel c.1540 Leland
  • Howgate Castle 1577 Saxton
  • Houldgate Cast 1695 Morden
  • Castrum de Holecote 1271-2 Ass
  • Holegod 1294 InqMisc 1339 Pat
  • Holgod 1301 Ipm 1346,1428 FA
  • Hologod 1316 FA
  • Holgote 1346 Cl 1350 Fine 1431 FA
  • Holcote 1364-6 ForProc 1415 Pat
  • Holgot 1387 Pat 1421 Cl
  • Holegote 1421 Cl
  • Holgate 1549 Pat 1812 PR(L)
  • Holgat 1549 Pat
  • Holgatt 1594 PR(H)
  • Hollgatt 1621 SBL6383
  • Howgate 1647 SBL6116 1748 PR(H)
  • Holegate 1672 HTR 1703 PR(H)
  • Holl Gate 1701 PR(H)
  • Holdgott 1729 PR(H)
  • Holdgate 1732 PR(L)
  • Stantona 1121-6,c.1140,1155 SAC

Etymology

'Helgot's castle'. Helgot was the tenant of the estate in 1086. In DB the place is called Stantune ; and it is Stantona 1121-6, c.1140, 1155 SAC. It must at one time have been united with the neighbouring estate of Stanton Long, q. v .

The tendency to regard the Norman personal name as a place-name seems to have started in the late 13th cent. Hol - instead of Hel - may be due to scribal error. There is surprisingly little popular etymology - only a single -cote form - until the 16th cent., when the final element was perhaps assumed to be the word gate . The parasitic -d - of Holdgate appears late and infrequently.The modern pronunciation is that which is clearly represented by the 1672, 1702 spelling Hollgate ; but this pronunciation may also have obtained for Holgate , which is the most frequent 16th-20th cent. form, and appears on the 19th-cent. OS map and on the TA .Kelly's Directory for 1934 calls the place Holdgate or Holgate .

Goodrich in He was castellum Godric in 1102, and this is an exact parallel. Godric, like Helgot, appears in DB.