English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Hinstock

Parish in the County of Shropshire

Historical Forms

  • Stoche 1086 DB
  • Hinestok, Hynestok' 1242 Fees
  • Hinestock 1255 RH
  • Hynestok 1281 Ipm 1283
  • Hynestoke 1284-5 FA
  • Hinstok 1282 InqMisc
  • Hynestoke 1335 Ipm 1577 Saxton
  • Hynnestok', Hinnestok' 1294-9 Ass
  • Henstocke 1685 SBL6513

Etymology

OE  stoc 'dependent settlement', to which has been prefixed ME  hine 'domestic servants'.

When OE  hīgna (from which ME  hine is derived) occurs in place-names which are likely to be of pre-Conquest origin, it is likely to be a reference to ecclesiastical ownership. This is clearly the case in Hinton in Stottesdon, the first mention of which (Hinetona c.1090) is in SAC. There is, however, no record of ecclesiastical ownership of Hinstock, and DB Stoche is probably a correct rendering of the original simplex name. Stoche was one of the manors of William Pantulf in 1086, forming part of the Barony of Wem, later held by the Butlers. It is possible that the profits of this manor were assigned to the upkeep of the household servants of the baronial family.

In a Muster Roll of c.1535, published in SAS 3/VIII, a place called Stoke in the Hamblets is listed between Cheswardine and Adderley. The editor identifies this with Hinstock, but it is not clear what the significance of such an affix would be, as all the parishes in this area have dispersed settlements which could be called hamlets.

Places in this Parish

Field