English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Cressage

Parish in the County of Shropshire

Historical Forms

  • Cristesache 1086 DB
  • Cristesech' c.1200 ForProc 1322 Ipm
  • Christesech alias Cressedge 1665 SBL9927
  • Crissege 1271-2 Ass 1627 PR(H)
  • Cristerdech 1284-5 FA
  • Cristeheggh 1316 FA
  • Cresseche 1323 Cl
  • Cressyche 1394 Cl 1402 Pat 1406 Cl
  • Cressegge 1397 Pat
  • Cressege 1416 Fine 1421,40,70 Cl 1653 PR(L) 1684 PR(L)
  • Cressedge 1590 PR(L) 1723 PR(L)
  • Cressage 1535 SBL7180 1623 PR(L) 1670 SBL10144 1751 PR(L)
  • Gressedge 1577 Saxton
  • Cresedge 1675 Ogilby
  • Cressich 1690-1 SBL5230
  • Cressadge 1693 PR(H)
  • Cressidge 1725 PR(L) 1732 PR(H)
  • Cresseche otherwise Cressedge 1739 SBL4135
  • Lady Oaks 1675 Ogilby

Etymology

'Christ's oak-tree'. The second element is ǣc , dative of āc .

The gen. of OE  Crist occurs as first element in a few other place-names. In Chrishall Ess it is combined with halh , and in Crissels in Sandhurst Berks the second element is hyll . A lost Aykcrist in Culgaith Cu is a precise parallel to the Sa name.

Lady Oak (Lady Oaks 1675 Ogilby) is marked on OS maps between the straightened A 458 road and the disused Severn Valley railway line, N.W. of the village. There is an excellent account of this tree in A. Morton, The Trees of Shropshire (Shrewsbury 1986), pp.50-3. There is a young oak supporting the hulk of an ancient one, and successive replacements could have been occurring since Saxon times. Morton says that the tree stood beside the original winding road, and it is shown in this position on Baugh's map of 1808. It may have had a crucifix attached, and its position beside the Shrewsbury road would make it a suitable identifying feature for the settlement.

The township of Belswardine was transferred to Cressage from Leighton in 1885.

Major Settlements