English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Church Pulverbatch

Parish in the County of Shropshire

Historical Forms

  • Polrebec 1086 DB
  • Polrebeche 1242 Fees 1342 Pat
  • Polrebache 1291-2 Fees
  • Polrebach 1346 FA
  • Pulerebege c.1180-6 HAC
  • Pulerebeche 1186 ib
  • Pullerbach' 1255-6 Ass 1421 Cl
  • Pullurbeche 1359 Pat
  • Pulrebeche 1180-9 HAC 1361 Pat
  • Pullrebache 1255-6 Ass
  • Pullrebeche 1294 Cl
  • Phurebek 1226 Cur
  • Puluerbach' 1261-2 ForProc
  • Pulverbech 1284-5 FA
  • Pulverebache c.1291 TN
  • Pulverbeche 1339 Pat
  • Pulverbache 1383 Pat
  • Pulverbach 1561 PR(H)
  • Pulverbatch 1605 PR(L)
  • Pulverbeach 1635 PR(H) 1688 PR(H)
  • Purlebach' 1261-2 ForProc 1292 Ipm
  • Puldrebatl' 1271-2 Ass
  • Polerebach 1316 FA
  • Pollerbache 1359 Pat
  • Polerbache 1428 FA
  • Pullerbache 1395 Pat 1421 Cl
  • Powdurbach 1535 VE
  • Pulverbatch als Powderbach 1590 SBL6671
  • Powderbach(e) 1602 SBL13450,6907 1739 PRLudford
  • Powderbach alias Pulverbach 1730 SBL4051 1803 Plymley
  • Poulderbech 1551 PR(H)
  • Poulderbache 1601 SBL6848B
  • Poulderbatch 1608 PR(L)
  • Polderbach 1615 PR(H) 1799 Townson
  • Poulderbatch, Powlderbatch 1672 HTR
  • Powtherbech 1591 PR(L)
  • Pulverbache alias Pulderbache 1616 SBL6817A
  • Chirchetona de Pulrebeche 1221 HAC
  • Cherton 1535 VE
  • Chorton 1667 SBL9945
  • Church Pulverbatch alias Churton 1697 SBL9960
  • Churton or Powderbach 1742 PR(L)

Etymology

Second element bæce 'stream-valley'. The first appears to be an otherwise unnoted *pulfre . The -v - of Pulver - must have developed from an original component of the first element, despite its relatively late appearance in the spellings, as it is not a consonant which would be inserted parasitically. This rules out Ekwall's (DEPN) suggestion of an onomatopoeic stream-name *Purl , and disqualifies Pulverbatch for its listing in Elements under *polra 'marshy land'. (This last is in any case not appropriate topographically). The element *pulfre is unexplained. Church Pulverbatch stands on a hill between two streams, both of which have bæce type valleys.

The later development of the name shows insertion of parasitic -d -, and association with the word powder .

The two settlements of Church and Castle Pulverbatch are ½ mile apart. They are distinguished as 'Castle' and 'Church' from the late 13th cent. (e.g. Chyrche Pulrebach 1271-2Ass , Castell Poleredech 1284-5 FA, Castelpolrebache , Chirchpolrebache 1301 SAC). Church - and Castle - are frequent in the 16th-18th cents.

Church Pulverbatch is locally called Churton. Early spellings for this are Chirchetona de Pulrebeche 1221 HAC, Cherton 1535 VE, Chorton 1667SBL 9945 , Church Pulverbatch alias Churton 1697SBL 9960 , Churton or Powderbach 1742 PR(L) 14. This is 'settlement with a church', a name which sometimes becomes Cheriton or Cherrington, but which has developed to Churton in one other instance, in Ch (though PN Ch 4, 70-71, questions the derivation from cirice ).

The parish contains the five townships of Cothercott, Castle Pulverbatch, Church Pulverbatch, Wilderley and Wrentnall.

Major Settlements

Other places in this Parish