English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Hensington

Major Settlement in the Parish of Hensington Within and Without

Historical Forms

  • Hansitone 1086 DB
  • Hensint' c.1130 OxonCh 1278–9 RH
  • Hensentun 1185 Templars
  • Hencinton' 1196 1234 Cl
  • Heincintone, Heinsintone 1218 FF
  • Enstintun' 1220 Fees
  • Hescinton' 1240–1 Ass
  • Hensington 1268 Cl
  • Hensingtone, Hensyngtone 1285 Ass
  • Hansington, Hengsyngtone 1285 Ass
  • (of ealdon) Hensing'lade, (into) Hensing lade 1004 (t. Ed 2) Frid
  • Hensegrave, Hessingrave 1276 Cl

Etymology

The same first element is found in (of ealdon ) Hensing 'lade , (into ) Hensing lade 1004 (t. Ed 2) Frid, a stream in Whitehill in the neighbouring parish of Tackley, and in Hensegrave , Hessingrave 1276 Cl, a wood in Hensington. The second elements of the three names are tūn , (ge)lād and grāf(a). Ekwall (DEPN) says “Hensing may be the name of a wood or stream derived from OE  hēns , 'hens,' found in hensbroc 770 BCS 204Wo.”