English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Bitterall Lane

Field in the Parish of Eynsham

Historical Forms

  • 1802 EnclA
  • Bytterhal 1481–3 CourtR
  • Bitterolls 1656 Bodl

Etymology

Bitterall Lane(Betterhale 1228–39, Bitterhale 1241–64, Biterhale, Byterhale 1363, Bytterhal 1481–3 CourtR, Bitterolls 1656 Bodl,second element h(e)alh; Chambers(109) says that the locality favours theinterpretation of the first as'bittern': botor is the only spelling of this wordon record before 1388, when it appears with an -i - in Chaucer—”as a Bitorebombleth in the Myre”—but the word is not well recorded in ME, and thisname may contain a form of it)