English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Eynsham

Historical Forms

  • Tilgaresle 1200 FF 1383 Eynsh
  • Tilgarisle 1316 FA
  • Tilderesleg' 1246–7 Ass
  • Tilgarsle 1264–8 Eynsh 1797 Davis
  • Tilgardesle(ke) 1278–9 RH
  • Tilgerdesle 1370 Eynsh 1371 Cl
  • Tylgarle, Tylgarsele 1285 Ass
  • Tilgersleye 1378 Eynsh 1473–4 CourtR


'*Tilgār 's wood or clearing,' v. (a)h. Tilgares dic , obviously con- taining the name of the same man, appears in the boundaries of Eynsham 1005 KCD 714. *Tilgār is not recorded elsewhere, but both elements occur in personal names. All the inhabitants of the hamlet died in the Black Death, and the Abbot of Eynsham was obliged to take the holdings into his own land (Chambers 34).