English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Major Settlement in the Parish of Caunton

Historical Forms

  • Calnestone, Calnestune 1086 DB
  • Kalnadatun c.1160 Dane
  • Calnodeston 1166 P 1167 CR
  • Calnoðeston' 1167 P
  • Kalnadton c.1220 BM
  • Calnetheton 1241 Ebor
  • Calnatton' 1175 P
  • Calnaton Nicholai de Aiviłł 1194 P c.1260 Norfolk
  • Calneton 1226 FF 1428 FA
  • Calfnadtun c.1200 HarlCh
  • Kalnaton 1237 Ebor 1242 Fees
  • Kalnachon, Kanalton 1237 Ebor
  • Caneton 1316 FA
  • Caunton 1392 Pat
  • Cawnton 1399 IpmR
  • Calneton al. Cawnton 1567 FF
  • Conton 1649 ParReg(Fiskerton)
  • Caunton al. Conton 1720 Recov


The first element in this name is probably a personal name.We have in BCS 466 an OE place-name Calmundesden which suggests the possibility of an OE  personal name Calmund . Here we may have a personal name Calnōþ with the same first element and with a well-established second element nōþ . The original form of the first element should perhaps be calu (as suggested in DEPN) rather than cal . The form in Calf - should probably be regarded as due to folk-etymology. 'Calnoþ 's farm,' v. tun .The name seems to occur again in Candlesby and Candleshoe (L), DB Calnodesbi , Calnodeshou .