English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Middlesbrough

Historical Forms

  • Arus(h)um 1129 Guis 1218–34 Whitby 1160–70 YCh
  • Aresum 1119,a.1199,1222–40 Guis
  • Arsum 1222–40 Guis 1285 KI 1303 KF 1336 Ch 1412 YI
  • Arsham 1577 Saxton


'(At) the houses near the river' v. a , hus . The original form of the name is ON  í ár -húsum (ár = gen. sg. of á , and húsum = dat. plur. of hús ), which is the origin of the Norw place-name Aarus (Rygh, NG ii. 23, etc.).

Places in the same Parish