English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

toftum in Croketon ' quod vocatur Wardnoth

Field in the Parish of Croxton

Historical Forms

  • toftum in Croketon ' quod vocatur Wardnoth 1219 Ass Ed1 Terrier 1304–5 Terrier
  • : i selionem terræ … nomine Warnot 1428 AASR
  • nomina warnott 1445 AASR

Etymology

toftum in Croketon' quod vocatur Wardnoth 1219 Ass(this is almost certainly toft held by warnoth tenure. Stenton(Danecxxxv-cxxxvii) points out that warnoth is not recorded before the Conquest, butoccurs sporadically in DB denoting some unspecified kind of render or service,not defined there. In a Lincolnshire Plea Roll of 33 Ed1, 1304–5, it denoted “aform of rent which if not paid on the appointed date was exacted two-fold onthe following day, three-fold on the third day” and so on. Though the authorityis late, Stenton states that there is no reason for questioning the accuracy of itsinterpretation and he points out that “there are parallels to such multipliedrenders in pre-Conquest law”. He further quotes a number of examples of landheld de warnothe. Wardnoth here would appear, therefore, to have beentransferred as the name of a toft held by payment of such a rent. Two furtherexamples of the use of this term as a f.n. have been noted: i selionem terrænomine Warnot 1428 AASR xxix in Osgodby(Kirkby cum Osgodby) LNR andcertas terras in Caborne(Cabourn LNR) nomina warnott 1445 ib)

Places in the same Parish