English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Orwell Bury

Early-attested site in the Parish of Kelshall

Historical Forms

  • Orduuelle 1086 DB
  • Orewell(e) c.1200 Abbr 1208 Cur 1220 Fees 1313 Pat
  • Horwelle 1204 FF
  • Horewell(e) 1248,1287 Ass 1282 FF 1311 StPauls
  • Horeswell 1251 ElyCouch
  • Horwell Bury 1428 FA 1740 FF
  • Horwel(l)bury, Har(t)welbury 1444–80 PastonLetters


This is probably from OE  hord-wiell , 'treasure spring,' which Ekwall (DEPN s. n. Hardwell) explains as 'sacrificial well' i.e. one into which articles of value were thrown; cf. hordwyllæ (BCS 491) now Hardwell (Berks), though the loss of d is difficult to explain. Cf. Hormead infra 179. For the addition of bury , v. burh and infra 243.

Places in the same Parish