English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Lorridge Bridge, Lorridge Fm

Early-attested site in the Parish of Stinchcombe

Historical Forms

  • Lorlynge 1124 Glouci,114
  • Lorlinges 1208 FF
  • Loreweng(e) 1236 Berk 1305 MinAcct
  • Loruinge 1240 FF
  • Lorewynge 1370 FF 1492 Aug
  • Lorewink 1291 Tax
  • Lorewinche 1492 Aug 1540 MinAcct
  • Lorwynche 1535 VE 1546 LP
  • Lorwinche 1576 MonLand 1579 FF
  • Lodwynche 1456 FF
  • Lordwynche 1547 Rent
  • Lorenge 1633 FF
  • Lorwinch als. Lorrendge als. Lorrage als. Lowivrage 1626 Ipm
  • Lorridge Bridge, Lorridge Farm 1830 M


The earliest forms of this obscure name suggest that the second el. might be OE  hlinc 'ridge', but this would be impossible topographically, and since the change of -l - to -w - could not easily be explained, the forms are probably erratic. The significant forms are Lorewenge and -winch , with a palatalised final consonant repre- sented by -ge or -ch . The analysis of its elements is, however, uncertain. The first el. could be OE  lorg 'pole, distaff', perhaps with l.OE  wince , ME  winche , wenche 'roller, pulley', but the meaning of the p.n. would be obscure. More probable is Professor Löfvenberg's suggestion that the first el. is an OE  *lār 'loam, clay', cognate with ON  leir 'loam, clay, mud' and OSax  lēr 'clay' in the p.n. Lerbiki (HolthausenSax s.v.). The second el. could be an OE  *wencge 'meadow', corresponding to ON  vengi and OHG  wengi (Bach ii, 120) and a mutated variant of OE  wang 'meadow'. 'Clay meadow.'