English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Tyneham

Major Settlement in the Parish of Tyneham

Historical Forms

  • Tigeham 1086 DB 1185 P
  • Tiham 1194 1244 Ass
  • Tigenham 14 Mansel
  • Tingeham 1086 DB
  • Estingham 1288 Ass
  • Estangham, Westangham (sic) 1288 Ass
  • Westingham 1550 DCMDeed
  • Tyn(h)am 1244 Ass 1280 1285 FA 1291 Tax 1316 FA 1464 Weld1
  • Es(t)tyn(h)am, Wes(t)tyn(h)am 1280 Ass 1285 FA 1545 Ct
  • Es(t)tin(h)am 1285 FA 1288 Ass
  • Churchetinam, Cherestinam 1285 FA
  • Westinham 1288 Ass
  • Wesynham (sic) 1332 SR
  • Westnam als. Westinham 1555 DCMDeed
  • Thenham (sic) 1280 Ass
  • Estthynham, Westthynham 1306 FF
  • Teynham 1328 Banco
  • Weste(y)n(e)ham 1523 DCMDeed 1537 Hutch3
  • Tyneham 1445 DCMDeed 16
  • West Tyneham 1445 16 Ct 1546 Hutch1 1774
  • Est Tyneham 1546 Ct
  • East Tyneham 1774 Hutch1
  • South Tyn(e)ham 1638 Hutch3 1774 Hutch1
  • Great Tyneham, Little Tyneham 1774 ib

Etymology

Probably 'goat's enclosure' from tige (gen.sg. tigan ) and hamm , as suggested in DEPN and EPN, but formally a possible alternative for the second el. would be hām 'homestead'. The early spellings in -ing (e )ham are perhaps due to association with place-names containing OE -ingahām . Great and South Tyneham are (or were) alternative names for East Tyneham, and Little Tyneham is (or was) an alternative name for West Tyneham, v. ēast , west ; the 13th-cent. forms Churchetinam , Cherestinam must refer to the church (now St Mary's Church infra ) in (West) Tyneham, v. cirice .

Places in the same Parish