English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Marshalflate and Serganteshou

Early-attested site in the Parish of Loweswater

Historical Forms

  • —Marshalflate 1539 MinAcct
  • Serganteshou 1230 Scotland


Marshalflate and Serganteshou (both lost). It is a curious coincidence, though it may well be no more, that two field-names in Loweswater Marshalflate 1539MinAcct (v. flat) and Serganteshou 1230 Scotland (v. haugr )—have first elements which reflect the organisation of feudal society. Marshal stands for OFr  marechal , originally meaning 'a servant who looked after the stables,' from which a later sense 'farrier' developed. The medieval sergeant was normally a man rendering some form of direct personal service to a lord. As, however, there is no feudal centre in the neighbourhood of Loweswater, no stress can be laid on these names, and Marshalflate , for which there is no medieval form, may be derived from a family-name.