English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Rinnion Hills

Early-attested site in the Parish of Kingwater

Historical Forms

  • Runeon hill(e)s 1589 ExchKR 1601 Survey
  • Rinyonhill(s) 1590,1596 Border
  • Rinnion hills 1596 ib
  • Ronion, Ronyon, Ronions Hilles 1603 Gilsland
  • Ringan Hills 1682 Whitehead
  • Ringinghills 1729 PR(Laner)


This is perhaps the plural of a word corresponding to Welsh  rhynn 'headland' or 'long ridge inland,' as in Cornish run , 'hill.' When the name became incomprehensible, 'hill' was added and the first element was probably identified with Rinion (a variant of Ninian), a christian name common in this area—cf. Rinion Foster 1615 Naworth, Rinyan Michaelson 1668 PR (Laner).