English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Castle Carrock

Major Settlement in the Parish of Castle Carrock

Historical Forms

  • Castelcairoc c.1165 Weth 1530 FF
  • Castello Kairuc c.1215 CWxvii
  • Castelcarroc 1212 Cur 1221 Pat
  • Castelkarrok' 1255 Cl
  • Castelkarroc 1319 Carliol
  • Castel Carok 1357 FF
  • Castlecareck 1603 Gilsland
  • Kastelkayrok 1459 Fine


This is a British place-name from castel (a borrowing from Latin castellum ) and a word corresponding to Welsh  caerog , 'fortified,' from caer , 'fort, camp,' as suggested by Bradley (EHR xxx, 743). v. DEPN.The original castle may be represented by the remains of ancient stone-work on the summit of Carrock Fell.