English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Yardley (Fm)

Early-attested site in the Parish of Pitstone

Historical Forms

  • Erle 1227 Ass 1284 FA 1339 Pat
  • Yardley 1826 B


Possibly Eorlan -lēah becoming Erlele and then Erle . Hence 'Eorla's clearing,' *Eorla being a shortened form of one of the OE  names in Eorla -. Ekwall would take this and Arley (La 2) and (Wa) and Early (Berks) to be OE  ere -lēah , 'clearing for ploughing.' For initial y cf. Ernesdon supra . The d is late and epenthetic.

Places in the same Parish

Major Settlement