English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Radley

Major Settlement in the Parish of Radley

Historical Forms

  • Radelege c.1180 Abingdon 13th
  • Radeley 1242–3 Fees
  • Radele 1316 FA 1353 Pat 1396–7 ObAcc
  • Enneyelake 1252 InqMisc
  • Enney e. 17th Bodl
  • Inney 1843 Myres

Etymology

'Red wood or clearing', v. rēad , lēah . DEPN has a form from 1176 P, but this refers to Radley in Kintbury 316. The O.S. geological map shows Radley situated on valley gravel, with a narrow belt of Kimmeridge clay immediately to the W. Neither here, nor in Radley in Kintbury, does soil-colour seem likely to be the reason for the p.n. Eney (on 2½″ map, not on 6″ or 1″), 1849TA , Enneyelake 1252 InqMisc, Enney e. 17thBodl , Inney 1843Myres . The bounds of Bayworth (956 BCS 932, v. Pt 3) include descriptions of two pieces of meadow, obviously by the Thames. One of these is near Berry 454, the other is described as (þa gemæro ) þære mæde æt ennanbeorgum .It is reasonable to suggest that Eney and ennanbeorgum have the same first el., which is probably a pers.n. Enna , cf. Enstone O 347. The second el. of Eney is īeg , ēg 'island'; the form of 1252 has lacu 'stream' added. Eney and Levery (infra ) are between the Thames and a small stream. The second el. of ennanbeorgum is the dat.pl. of beorg 'hill, barrow', probably referring to tumuli such as the one which survives in Radley village. A document of t. ElizRentSur refers to meadow-land belonging to Sunningwell called Emborowe .This is probably a later form for ennanbeorgum .

Places in the same Parish

Field