English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.

Chawston

Early-attested site in the Parish of Roxton

Historical Forms

  • Chauelestorne, Calnestorne 1086 DB
  • Caluesterne 1167 P 1203 Cur
  • Chaluesthorn 1180 P
  • Chau(u)esterne 1202 FF, Ass
  • Calsterne 1220 LS
  • Chaluesterne 1227 Ass 1239 FF 1242 Fees867 1400
  • Chalueston 1227 Ass 1302
  • Chalston 1418,1478 IpmR
  • Chalsterne 1428 FA 1441 BM
  • Chauston 1535 VE
  • Chawson 1826 B

Etymology

'Cealf's thornbush,' as suggested by Skeat. Evidence for the pers. name Cealf , derived from the animal-name, is given in the article just referred to (p. 237). That we have a pers. name rather than the animal-name is suggested by the mention in the Newnham Cartulary 186 of another of his possessions, viz. Chaluescrofte . For the sound-development cf. Chauson (Wo) from Cealfes-tun .

Places in the same Parish

Early-attested site

Major Settlement