English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Major Settlement in the Parish of Cople

Historical Forms

  • C(h)ochepol 1086 DB
  • Cogopol c.1150 BM
  • Coggepol(e) c.1150 Warden c.1230 FF 1196,1202,1207,1211 Ass 1227
  • Coggispol 1195 P
  • Cogepol 1202 FF Hy3 BM
  • Cokepol 1227 Ass
  • Cokkepol, Cockepol c.1230 WellsL
  • Cowepol 13th Newn 15th
  • Coupel 1240 Ass 1247,1276 Ass
  • Coupol(e) 1247 1276,1287 Ass 1291 NI 1307 Ass 1311 Ipm 1316 FA 1327 Cl 1347 BM 1382 Cl
  • Caupel, Caupol 1247,1276 Ass
  • Coupul 1361 Cl
  • Coupulle 1388 Cl 1428 FA 1434 IpmR
  • Coupell 1402 BHRSi.103
  • Coupehill 1461 IpmR
  • Copull or Coupull 1509 LP
  • Coople c.1530 Linc
  • Cowple 1535 VE
  • Cowpull 1535 VE
  • Copull 1549 Pat


It would seem possible to explain this difficult name if we assume that the man from whom the pool took its name (v. pol ) was called Cogga , a name found in Cocgganhyll (So) BCS 670, Cogganbeam (Ha) BCS 1200, and Cogan mære (Ha) BCS 1080, and (in a strong form) in Coggeshall (Ess) and also Cogswell infra 98. The DB form and the isolated form with k in 1227 could be explained naturally by unvoicing of g to k before p .This pers. name Cog (g )a is presumably related to OE  Cugga , which may be inferred from Cogenhoe (Nth), Cughanhocg (12th cent.).

Alternatively, but in view of the forms less probably, we might start from a personal-name Cocca such as is found in Cockbury (Gl), Coccanburh BCS 246, and then take the g (g ) forms to show the same voicing of intervocalic k which is illustrated in Eggington infra 121 and possibly in the adjacent Moggerhanger. Cf. also Cogshall (Ch), DBCocheshull , 1287Cogeshull Professor Ekwall suggests further that just as stopped d may become continuant ð , and b become v (cf. Pavenham supra 36), so stopped g might become a continuant g and then quite regularly form a diphthong with the preceding o . This would explain the later ou forms. For the combination of pol with a pers. name cf. Widmerpool (Nt), where pol is preceded by OE  Wīdmǣr .

Places in the same Parish

Early-attested site