English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Major Settlement in the Parish of Chicksands Priory

Historical Forms

  • Chichesane 1086 DB
  • Chikesham 1152–8,1155 NLC
  • Chi(c)chesant 1156,1158 P
  • Chichesand 1159 P
  • Chikes(s)ant 1161 P 1196 FF 1203 Cur 1237 Cl 1244 FF
  • Chichessand, Chichesham 1162 P
  • Chiksond 1163–79 BHRSi.118
  • Chik(k)essand 1185 P 1276 Ass
  • Chikesand c.1190 Warden c.1230 Fees10 1198
  • Chikes(s)ond, Chykes(s)ond 1202 Ass 1220 LS 1297 SR 1310 Cl 1316 FA 1325 Cl 1346 FA 1361,1385 Cl
  • Chikes(s)aunde 1227 Ass 1232,1236 FF 1244 Cl 1247 Ass 1285 Ch 1302 FA 1316 HMCVariv
  • Chiksaund 1227 Ass 1273 Cl
  • Chikesaunt 1240 Ass
  • Chikesend 1242 Fees887
  • Chijkesond 1250 Fees
  • Chikesonden(e) 1287,1307 Ass c.1370–1420 Linc
  • Chiksanden 1287 Ass
  • Chikesand Dene c.1300 Linc
  • Chikeshanden 1307 Ass
  • Chikesaundene 1317 HMCVariv
  • Chiksand 1327 Cl
  • Chiksond, Chyksond 1359,1386 Cl 1400 CS
  • Chixham 1388 Cl
  • Chiksonden c.1390–1400 Linc
  • Chikessounde dene 1428 FA
  • Chyxsond 1457 Ipm
  • Chickson 1655 NQi


The suffix is the ordinary word sand . The soil here is sand (VCH ii. 271). The first element is an OE  name Cicca which occurs again in Chickney, Essex (DB Ciccheneia ). A variant of this name, with palatalised second consonant, is found in Chicheley (PN Bk 33), and a Latinised form Cichus (Redw 38) is recorded. Here we have an unpalatalised form. The forms with suffixed -en (e ) which appear towards the end of the 13th cent. are difficult. Probably they point to an alternative dat. pl. form in -sanden (OE  sandum ). Such forms seem peculiarly common in Beds, cf. Flitton, Ion, Fielden supra 148, 151, 162. The form with Dene in the Lincoln Registers might be a piece of folk-etymology, but it is unlikely in so conservative and highly formal a series of records as a Bishop's register. It is however possible that this and similar forms should be compared with the curious form Wicumbedene for High Wycombe found in the earliest Pipe Rolls of Henry ii. A medieval use of dene , of unexplained origin, to denote a district dependent upon or annexed to a place is not impossible. It seems indeed to have survived in the name Taunton Dean for the great manor of Taunton.

It is of course conceivable that there was a form Chikesanddene with the ordinary word dene (v. denu ) suffixed, but there does not seem to be a sufficiently well-marked valley here to make such a new development likely, though in the Warden Cartulary (19 b ) we have mention of a Grenedene in Chicksand.

The whole name means 'Cicca's sands.'

Places in the same Parish

Early-attested site