English Place-name Society

Survey of English Place-Names

A county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the English Place-Name Society, founded 1923.


Early-attested site in the Parish of Ingleby Arncliffe

Historical Forms

  • Erneclive, Gerneclif, Lerneclif 1086 DB
  • Ernesclive c.1160 Riev
  • Erneclive c.1170 Riev 1293 QW
  • Arneclive c.1291 Tax
  • Arneclyff 1349 Test 1474 YD


'Eagles' cliff' v. earn , clif . Arncliffe is a large, steep, wooded bank. The DB forms Gerne - and Lerne - (L is an error for I , Zachrisson, Mélanges de Philologie offerts à M. Johan Vising , Göteborg, 1925, p. 191) arise from the shifting of the stress in OE  éa to the second element of the diphthong (cf. Yearsley 193infra ).

Places in the same Parish

Early-attested site

Major Settlement